When looking at the Adipose Indices on the Advanced Body Composition report, keep in mind that the lower the numbers in the AM percentile column, the less fat there is compared to others of the same age. More specifically:
Total Body % Fat: Indicates a client’s fat mass/total mass.
Fat Mass/Height2: This refers to a client’s Fat Mass Index. It is a more accurate measure of obesity than Body Mass Index (BMI) because it calculates the amount of fat a client has relative to their height instead of total weight relative to height. The higher this number, the more fat they have.
Android/Gynoid ratio: This measurement indicates whether a client is an “apple shape” vs. “pear shape,” with “Android” meaning abdomen and “Gynoid” meaning thighs. A value >1 indicates a client is more “apple shaped” which could mean a higher risk for cardiovascular disease, while a value <1 indicates more of a “pear shape”.
% Fat Trunk/% Fat Legs and Trunk/Limb Fat Mass Ratio: While these measurements aren’t vitally important to everyday health monitoring, they demonstrate the distribution of fat in a client’s body and can be used clinically to track lipodystrophy.
EST VAT Mass, Volume, and Area: These are measurements of visceral fat, the “bad fat” around the insides of organs. VAT area (cm2) > 100cm2 has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome and coronary heart disease.